Expert knowledge | June 4, 2020
Technologies and professions of the digital era
Digital transformation is the future – we all know that, and due to the pandemic, the need for digitization has risen significantly. But which specialists should we look for in order to carry out IT projects? Which professions and competences are in demand? If you are working on a development project, this is the right time to get up to date with new competences that may play an increasingly important role in building the new digital future in the upcoming years.
The most popular, simple to learn, versatile, future-oriented – Python has achieved record levels of popularity in recent rankings and is the fastest-growing programming language in the IT industry. Python already dethroned Java in 2019 when it comes to clients’ queries for specialists and there is no sign of interest in this particular programming language weakening. Python is used during application development and the automation process of business systems, as well as Machine Learning, which is one of the hottest trends of recent years. As a result, many employers are currently looking for Python Developers.
Machine Learning Engineer / Machine Learning Specialist
According to Piotr Kubica, Machine Learning Engineer at JCommerce: “It is said that a data scientist is better at programming than statistics and is a better statistician than a programmer”. A Machine Learning Engineer is a person who combines a knowledge of mathematics, statistics, data science and programming. If you are looking to carry out an Artificial Intelligence project, it is highly likely that you will also need to find a Machine Learning specialist.
Robotic Process Automation is among the top 10 hottest technology trends for 2020. RPA Developers deal with the automation of processes that are labour-intensive, repetitive and wearisome. Currently, there is an increased level of interest in business process automation, as it allows companies to make significant savings. We expect this trend to continue. RPA developers use their programming knowledge, mainly in the field of .NET, but also in the area of test automation. They mostly work using one tool, e.g. BluePrism.
The classic approach, in which the software tests were carried out at the end, and the IT administrator was responsible for implementation in the production environment, is being replaced by the DevOps approach. DevOps is a philosophy that is gaining increased support. DevOps specialists are among the most in-demand professionals due to their set of unique competences and knowledge of such aspects and products as Docker, Kubernetes, Ansible, Service Mesh and many others from Hashi Corp, meaning everything that is needed to develop microservices and build scalable applications that can be implemented in the cloud environment.
Full Stack Developer
A Full Stack Developer is a specialist who can create a web application from scratch – from the very beginning to the phase when the service is launched. This means that such a developer not only deals with the visual side of the web application, but also with its logic, interaction with the database, user authentication and server configuration. For many companies, having a Full Stack Developer in their team is an ideal situation, as it allows them to optimize costs. The reason is simple: there is no need to hire additional specialists in various technologies.
Unified Communication Specialist
In 2020 work in distributed teams became one of the most frequently discussed topics – all because of the pandemic, which contributed to the growing importance of remote work and the extensive use of tools such as Skype, Microsoft Teams and Zoom. A Unified Communications Specialist is a person who integrates and enables various methods of communication in the company. You may consider hiring such a specialist if you need to integrate telephone calls, video conferencing, SMS, emails, live chat, etc. to facilitate communication in remote teams. As a result, users can share and access data from one location, collaborate in real time, and conduct audio and video conferences with multiple people. No matter how big or small your business is, a suitable Unified Communications solution can improve collaboration, increase productivity and employee mobility, and ameliorate the customer experience.
In 2020, the demand for network security specialists will be of increased importance. Many companies are beginning to recognize the need to employ cybersecurity specialists, and they are increasingly demanding that their IT specialists in other areas have at least basic IT security competences.
Some of the most in-demand cybersecurity professions include:
- IT Security Architect – responsible for designing, implementing and monitoring the company’s security system.
- Security Engineer – a person in this position may have less experience than an architect. Engineers test and control security systems and monitor the network for potential security vulnerabilities and breaches.
- Security Software Developer – this role combines programming skills with a knowledge of cybersecurity. In short, developers can improve the code in terms of security at the design stage.
User Experience Designer
Professions related to UX are in demand in the context of IoT solution development. In the UX area, it is worth hiring the following professionals:
- UX Designer – responsible for designing websites and digital products in such a way that using them is intuitive and enjoyable, and that they meet users’ needs at the same time.
- UI Designer – prepares projects for the target users’ interface.
- UX Researcher – conducts interviews with users and research, draws conclusions, carries out utility audits etc.
In smaller companies, the UX Designer often combines all of these roles, from research and conversations with users, preparing the entire flow (i.e. planning the order in which the steps will be taken by the user), to interface design (e.g. the first screen view that the user sees). He also conducts tests with users. When it comes to bigger enterprises, research and interviews are conducted by the UX Researcher, while the UX Designer prepares the flow and the UI Designer is responsible for projects.
Should I outsource IT development?
Now that you know the digital transformation competences, it is worth considering whether to hire in-house specialists or external employees. IT outsourcing companies nowadays offer high-quality software development. Very often IT providers can offer access to the required specialists instantly, so you don’t have to go through a time-consuming recruitment process. Most importantly, IT companies provide remote services due to their technological experience, and have experience in carrying out remote projects.
The IT industry is experiencing the effects of the pandemic to a lesser extent than others, so new roles and professions have gained importance, resulting in a wider range of services provided by IT outsourcing companies. The slowdown will not last forever, and we can see that digitization is gathering speed. Get ready for it! Do thorough research to plan your future recruitment processes in accordance with the newest technological trends.